Ref: SCART-2021-0149

The observed multiplicity properties of B-type stars in the Galactic young open cluster NGC 6231

Banyard, G. ; Sana, H. ; Mahy, L. ; Bodensteiner, J. ; Villaseñor, J. I. ; Evans, C. J.

published in Astronomy & Astrophysics, 658 issue A69, pp. 28 (2022)

Abstract: It is well known that massive O-stars are frequently (if not always) found in binary or higher-order multiple systems, but this fact has been less robustly investigated for the lower mass range of the massive stars, represented by the B-type stars. Obtaining the binary fraction and orbital parameter distributions of B-type stars is crucial to understand the impact of multiplicity on the archetypal progenitor of core-collapse supernovae as well as to properly investigate formation channels for gravitational wave progenitors. This work aims to characterise the multiplicity of the B-star population of the young open cluster NGC 6231 through multi-epoch optical spectroscopy of 80 B-type stars. We analyse 31 FLAMES/GIRAFFE observations of 80 B-type stars, monitoring their radial velocities (RVs) and performing a least-squares spectral analysis (Lomb-Scargle) to search for periodicity in those stars with statistically significant variability in their RVs. We constrain an observed spectroscopic binary fraction of $33\pm5$% for the B-type stars of NGC 6231, with a first order bias-correction giving a true spectroscopic binary fraction of $52\pm8$%. Out of 27 B-type binary candidates, we obtained orbital solutions for 20 systems: 15 single-lined (SB1) and 5 double-lined spectroscopic binaries (SB2s). We present these orbital solutions and the orbital parameter distributions associated with them. Our results indicate that Galactic B-type stars are less frequently found in binary systems than their more massive O-type counterparts, but their orbital properties generally resemble those of B- and O-type stars in both the Galaxy and Large Magellanic Cloud.

Keyword(s): binaries: spectroscopic ; stars: early-type ; stars: massive ; open clusters and associations: individual: NGC 6231 ; Astrophysics - Solar and Stellar Astrophysics ; Astrophysics - Astrophysics of Galaxies
DOI: 10.1051/0004-6361/202141037

The record appears in these collections:
Royal Observatory of Belgium > Astronomy & Astrophysics
Science Articles > Peer Reviewed Articles

 Record created 2021-12-17, last modified 2023-01-23

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