Ref: SCART-2021-0094

Interferometric imaging with LOFAR remote baselines of the fine structures of a solar type-IIIb radio burst

Zhang, PJ. ; Zucca, P. ; Sridhar, S. S. ; Wang, C.B. ; Bisi, M. M. ; Dabrowski, B. ; Krankowski, A. ; Mann, G. ; Magdalenic, J. ; Morosan, D. E. ; Vocks, C.

published in Astronomy & Astrophysics, 639 (2020)

Abstract: Context. Solar radio bursts originate mainly from high energy electrons accelerated in solar eruptions like solar flares, jets, and coronal mass ejections. A sub-category of solar radio bursts with short time duration may be used as a proxy to understand wave generation and propagation within the corona. Aims: Complete case studies of the source size, position, and kinematics of short term bursts are very rare due to instrumental limitations. A comprehensive multi-frequency spectroscopic and imaging study was carried out of a clear example of a solar type IIIb-III pair. Methods: In this work, the source of the radio burst was imaged with the interferometric mode, using the remote baselines of the LOw Frequency ARray (LOFAR). A detailed analysis of the fine structures in the spectrum and of the radio source motion with imaging was conducted. Results: The study shows how the fundamental and harmonic components have a significantly different source motion. The apparent source of the fundamental emission at 26.56 MHz displaces away from the solar disk center at about four times the speed of light, while the apparent source of the harmonic emission at the same frequency shows a speed of < 0.02 c. The source size of the harmonic emission observed in this case is smaller than that in previous studies, indicating the importance of the use of remote baselines.

Keyword(s): Sun: radio radiation ; Sun: activity ; methods: observational; ; Astrophysics - Solar and Stellar Astrophysics
DOI: 10.1051/0004-6361/202037733
Funding: BRAIN.be project CCSOM/BRAIN.be project CCSOM/BRAIN.be project CCSOM

The record appears in these collections:
Royal Observatory of Belgium > Solar Physics & Space Weather (SIDC)
Science Articles > Peer Reviewed Articles
Solar-Terrestrial Centre of Excellence

 Record created 2021-05-28, last modified 2021-05-28