Ref: POSTER-2020-0054

Starspots and rotation velocities of normal A- and Am-stars

Trust, O. ; Jurua, E. ; De Cat, P. ; Joshi, S.

Poster presented at "Stars and their variability observed from space - Celebrating the 5th anniversary of BRITE-Constellation", Vienna, Austria on 2019-08-19

Abstract: Using the “hump and spike” features, we computed the rotation frequencies and amplitudes. The corresponding equatorial rotational velocity (V rot ) and spot size were estimated. On fitting the auto-correlation functions of the light-curves with the appropriate model, we obtained the starspot decay-time scale. The V rot agrees well with the projected rotational velocity (ν sin i) in the literature. Considering a single circular and black spot, we estimate its radius from the amplitude of the “spike”. No evidence for a significant difference in the average “spike” amplitude and spot radius was found for Am/Fm and normal A stars. Indeed, we derived an average value of ∼ 21 ± 2 and ∼ 19 ± 2 ppm for the photometric amplitude and of 1.01 ± 0.13 and 1.16 ± 0.12 R E for the spot radius (where R E is the Earth radius), respectively. We do find a significant difference for the average spot decay-time scale, which amounts to 3.6 ± 0.2 and 1.5 ± 0.2 days for Am/Fm and normal A stars, respectively. In general, spots on normal A stars are similar in size to those on Am/Fm stars, and both are weaker than previously estimated. The existence of the “spikes” in the frequency spectra may not be strongly dependent on the appearance of starspots on the stellar surface. In comparison with G, K and M stars, spots in normal A and Am/Fm stars are weak which may indicate the presence of a weak magnetic field.

Keyword(s): stars: photometry ; stars: chemically peculiar ; stars: rotation ; stars: starspots

The record appears in these collections:
Royal Observatory of Belgium > Astronomy & Astrophysics
Conference Contributions & Seminars > Posters

 Record created 2020-01-31, last modified 2020-01-31