Ref: CTALK-2019-0128

Spatial Behavior of Time-Correlated Noise in the Position Time Series of 10,000 GPS Stations

Gobron, K. ; de Viron, O. ; Van Camp, M. ; Demoulin, A.

Talk presented at AGU Fall Meeting 2019, San Francisco on 2019-12-13

Abstract: Obtaining reliable estimates about geophysical processes from GPS products requires considering time-correlated noise in position time series. For about two decades, the time dependence of noise has been actively investigated. The most common noise model consists of the combination of power-law processes with various spectral indexes, including white noise. However, the origin of such power-law time correlations in position time series remains unclear. Analyzing the spatial dependence of noise provides a way to investigate the causes of power-law processes but requires a dense GPS network. Here, we analyze the data products of 10 000 GPS stations processed by the Nevada Geodetic Laboratory (NGL). We first iteratively detected outliers and offsets using a modified multivariate Detection Identification and Adaptation (DIA) method. Then, we used the Non-Negative Least Squares Variance Component Estimation method (NNLS-VCE) to assess the white noise and correlated noise amplitudes for each component of each station, i.e., a total of 30 000 time series. Our analysis evidences a multi-scale spatial variability of noise for the three North, East, and Up components. In particular, short spatial variations (a few hundred kilometers) of power-law amplitudes across the USA and Europe might point to either the presence of non-modeled regional geophysical signals or the influence of regional networks in the observations.

Keyword(s): GPS network ; White and colored noise ; Spatial variation of the noise ; USA ; Europe

The record appears in these collections:
Conference Contributions & Seminars > Conference Talks > Contributed Talks
Royal Observatory of Belgium > Seismology & Gravimetry

 Record created 2019-11-13, last modified 2019-11-13