Ref: SCART-2019-0125

Asteroseismology of massive stars with the TESS mission: the runaway β Cep pulsator PHL 346 = HN Aqr

Handler, G. ; Pigulski, A. ; Daszyńska-Daszkiewicz, J. ; Irrgang, A. ; Kilkenny, D. ; Guo, Z. ; Przybilla, N. ; Kahraman Aliçavus, F. ; Kallinger, T. ; Pascual-Granado, J. ; Niemczura, E. ; Różański, T. ; Chowdhury, S. ; Buzasi, D.L. ; Mirouh, G.M. ; Bowman, D.M. ; Johnston, C. ; Pedersen, M. ; Simón-Díaz, S. ; Moravveji, E. ; Gazeas, K. ; De Cat, P. ; Vanderspek, R.K. ; Ricker, G.R.

published in Astrophysical Journal Letters, 873 issue L4, pp. 1-7

Abstract: We report an analysis of the first known β Cep pulsator observed by the TESS mission, the runaway star PHL 346 = HN Aqr. The star, previously known as a singly-periodic pulsator, has at least 34 oscillation modes excited, 12 of those in the g-mode domain and 22 p modes. Analysis of archival data implies that the amplitude and frequency of the dominant mode and the stellar radial velocity were variable over time. A binary nature would be inconsistent with the inferred ejection velocity from the Galactic disc of 420 km s −1 , which is too large to be survivable by a runaway binary system. A kinematic analysis of the star results in an age constraint (23 ± 1 Myr) that can be imposed on asteroseismic modelling and that can be used to remove degeneracies in the modelling process. Our attempts to match the excitation of the observed frequency spectrum resulted in pulsation models that were too young. Hence, asteroseismic studies of runaway pulsators can become vital not only in tracing the evolutionary history of such objects, but to understand the interior structure of massive stars in general. TESS is now opening up these stars for detailed asteroseismic investigation.

Keyword(s): stars: early-type ; stars: individual (HN Aqr) ; stars: interiors ; stars: kinematics and dynamics ; stars: massive ; stars: oscillations (including pulsations)
DOI: 10.3847/2041-8213/ab095f

The record appears in these collections:
Royal Observatory of Belgium > Astronomy & Astrophysics
Science Articles > Peer Reviewed Articles

 Record created 2019-02-02, last modified 2020-01-29