Ref: SEMIN-2018-0026

Studying the kinematic emergence of a twisted flux rope into a coronal magnetic field arcade using a time- dependent magneto-frictional model(t-MFM)

Jebaraj, Immanuel Christopher

Seminar presented at Royal Observatory of Belgium on 2018-09-21

Abstract: Distinguishing the coronal magnetic field and its evolution can unlock key information on solar energetic eruptions such as the Coronal Mass Ejections (CMEs). CMEs are formed as magnetic flux ropes, i.e. magnetic field lines twisted about each other. They are the main drivers of space weather effects on Earth. Understanding the structure of the internal magnetic field of the CME would help determine the severity of the resulting geomagnetic storm. Predicting the onset and the orientation of the flux rope axis is a major focus of current space weather research. For this purpose, a numerical study on the kinematic emergence of a twisted flux rope into a coronal magnetic field is performed using the time-dependent Magneto-frictional method (t-MFM). The initiation of the eruption is through ideal Magnetohydrodynamic (MHD) kink instability. In this case, the kink instability occurs when the windings of the field lines about the flux rope axis exceeds the critical twist. Presented here is a Fan & Gibson flux rope set-up for different configurations to study the slow energization of the coronal field arcade with the emergence of a current carrying flux rope. The results of the simulations show that several key factors such as the height at which the flux rope is stopped and its twist play a major role in the dynamics of the flux rope in making it kink unstable. One of the main motivations was to use the results to discuss the performance of the MFM in comparison to MHD and how capable it is in capturing ideal MHD phenomenon. The simulations are also used to investigate the formation of sigmoidal current layer often seen before the onset of eruption. In the results presented here, the sigmoidal ā€œSā€ shaped current layer is formed as the flux rope becomes kink unstable. This sigmoidal current layer is analysed for different configurations of the flux rope. These results have suggested that accurate dynamic modelling of the coronal magnetic field is essential for successful space weather prediction purposes.

Keyword(s): MHD ; Modelling ; MFM ; CME

The record appears in these collections:
Royal Observatory of Belgium > Solar Physics & Space Weather (SIDC)
Conference Contributions & Seminars > Seminars

 Record created 2018-10-05, last modified 2018-10-05