Ref: ASTROimport-267

The Herschel view of the nebula around the luminous blue variable star AG Carinae

Vamvatira-Nakou, C. ; Hutsemékers, D. ; Royer, P. ; Cox, N. L. J. ; Nazé, Y. ; Rauw, G. ; Waelkens, C. ; Groenewegen, M. A. T.

published in Astronomy and Astrophysics, 578, pp. A108 (2015)

Abstract: Far-infrared Herschel PACS imaging and spectroscopic observations of the nebula around the luminous blue variable (LBV) star AG Car have been obtained along with optical imaging in the Ha+[ N ii ] filter. In the infrared light, the nebula appears as a clumpy ring shell that extends up to 1.2 pc with an inner radius of 0.4 pc. It coincides with the Ha nebula, but extends further out. Dust modeling of the nebula was performed and indicates the presence of large grains. The dust mass is estimated to be ~0.2 M?. The infrared spectrum of the nebula consists of forbidden emission lines over a dust continuum. Apart from ionized gas, these lines also indicate the existence of neutral gas in a photodissociation region that surrounds the ionized region. The abundance ratios point towards enrichment by processed material. The total mass of the nebula ejected from the central star amounts to ~15 M?, assuming a dust-to-gas ratio typical of LBVs. The abundances and the mass-loss rate were used to constrain the evolutionary path of the central star and the epoch at which the nebula was ejected, with the help of available evolutionary models. This suggests an ejection during a cool LBV phase for a star of ~55 M? with little rotation. Herschel is an ESA space observatory with science instruments provided by European-led Principal Investigator consortia and with important participation from NASA.Based in part on observations collected at the European Southern Observatory, La Silla, Chile.Appendices are available in electronic form at http://www.aanda.org

DOI: 10.1051/0004-6361/201425090
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The record appears in these collections:
Royal Observatory of Belgium > Astronomy & Astrophysics
Science Articles > Peer Reviewed Articles

 Record created 2016-07-01, last modified 2016-07-06