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Introduction to the Earth Tides
http://publi2-as.oma.be/record/5884
General introduction to the Earth's tides: description of the tidal phenomena, and ways to measure and analyse it.Van Camp, MichelMon, 14 Nov 2022 10:09:48 GMThttp://publi2-as.oma.be/record/58842022Modeling Gravimetric Signatures of Third-Degree Ocean Tides and their Detection in Superconducting Gravimeter Records
http://publi2-as.oma.be/record/5779
We employ the barotropic, data-unconstrained ocean tide model TiME to derive an atlas for degree-3 tidal constituents including monthly to terdiurnal tidal species. The model is optimized with respect to the tide gauge data set TICON-td that is extended to include the respective tidal constituents of diurnal and higher frequencies. The tide gauge validation shows a root-mean-square (RMS) deviation of 0.9–1.3 mm for the individual species. We further model the load tide-induced gravimetric signals by two means (1) a global load Love number approach and (2) evaluating Greens-integrals at 16 selected locations of superconducting gravimeters. The RMS deviation between the amplitudes derived using both methods is below 0.5 nGal (1 nGal =0.01 nms-2) when excluding near-coastal gravimeters. Utilizing ETERNA-x, a recently upgraded and reworked tidal analysis software, we additionally derive degree-3 gravimetric tidal constituents for these stations, based on a hypothesis-free wave grouping approach. We demonstrate that this analysis is feasible, yielding amplitude predictions of only a few 10 nGal, and that it agrees with the modeled constituents on a level of 63–80% of the mean signal amplitude. Larger deviations are only found for lowest amplitude signals, near-coastal stations, or shorter and noisier data sets.Sulzbach, R.Mon, 02 May 2022 06:32:47 GMThttp://publi2-as.oma.be/record/57792022Data-Unconstrained Modeling and Detection of 9 Individual Partial Ocean Tides of Third-Degree by Terrestrial Gravimetry
http://publi2-as.oma.be/record/5762
The Tide-Generating Potential (TGP) of the Moon is not symmetric but asymmetric with respect to the Lunar sub-orbital axis due to its relative proximity compared to astronomical length scales. This asymmetry can be described in the first order by the third-degree of the TGP expanded in Spherical Harmonic functions. Despite the tiny magnitude of this asymmetry (1/60 of the leading, second degree) several corresponding oceanic partial tides were previously detected in both tide gauge and superconducting gravimeter records. In this contribution, we present solutions with the data-unconstrained ocean tide model TiME (Sulzbach et al. 2021) for a number of partial tides of the third degree in all relevant tidal bands (long-period to terdiurnal). Tuning the model with the recently compiled TICON-td tide gauge dataset, we find the modelled ocean tide signals to agree at levels over 50 % with oceanographic data. The gravimetric impact of the oceanic load tides on 16 globally distributed gravimeter stations which amounts to only a few nGal is then modelled by 2 approaches: (1) a computation with SPOTL and (2) with an approach constrained by load Love numbers. While the gravity constituents modeled with both approaches are close to identical, comparison to the analysed constituents shows a high agreement between 63% to 80% for the degree-3 components depending on the selected partial tide solution, thereby confirming both the low noise level of state-of-the-art superconducting gravimeter recordings and the applied hydrodynamic modelling. By modelling and analyzing for additional degree-3 constituents (resulting in three partial tides in the diurnal, semidiurnal and terdiurnal band), load tide admittance functions of degree-3 can be calculated. We show that third-degree ocean and load tides exhibit a considerable admittance-dispersion that should be considered when estimating load tide contributions of other third-degree partial tides. For example, a larger number of degree-3 tides can be considered for satellite gravity when combining the presented solutions with a linear admittance approach, which might become relevant already for the upcoming MCM/MAGIC constellation currently studied by NASA and ESA.Wziontek, H. Wed, 06 Apr 2022 15:14:57 GMThttp://publi2-as.oma.be/record/57622022Final report of EURAMET.M.G-K3 regional comparison of absolute gravimeters
http://publi2-as.oma.be/record/4900
The regional key comparison of absolute gravimeters, EURAMET.M.G-K3 and the simultaneously organized additional comparison, was held in Germany at the Geodetic Observatory Wettzell of the German Federal Agency for Cartography and Geodesy in the spring of 2018. Here we present the list of the participants who actually performed measurements during the comparison, the data submitted by the operators as well as the results of the determination of the gravity as a function of height at the comparison sites. The measurement strategy is briefly discussed and the results of the data harmonization are documented. Finally, the results of the constrained least-squares adjustment are presented including the degrees of equivalence of each gravimeter and the key comparison reference values.Falk, RWed, 10 Jun 2020 06:32:44 GMThttp://publi2-as.oma.be/record/49002020