Ref: SCART-2023-0098

Relativistic contributions to the rotation of Mars

Baland, Rose-Marie ; Hees, Aurélien ; Yseboodt, Marie ; Bourgoin, Adrien ; Le Maistre, Sébastien

accepted to be published in Astronomy & Astrophysics (2023)

Abstract: Context: The orientation and rotation of Mars, which can be described by a set of Euler angles, is estimated from radioscience data and is then used to infer Mars internal properties. The data are analyzed using a modeling expressed within the Barycentric Celestial Reference System (BCRS). Aims: We provide new and more accurate (to the 0.1 mas level) estimations of the relativistic corrections to be included in the BCRS model of the orientation and rotation of Mars to avoid a misinterpretation of the data. Methods: There are two types of relativistic contributions in Mars rotation and orientation: (i) those that directly impact the Euler angles and (ii) those resulting from the time transformation between a local Mars reference frame and BCRS. The former correspond essentially to the geodetic effect. We compute them assuming that Mars evolves on a Keplerian orbit. As for the latter, we compute the effect of the time transformation and compare the rotation angle corrections obtained using realistic orbits as described by ephemerides. Results: The relativistic correction in longitude comes mainly from the geodetic effect and results in the geodetic precession (6.754mas/yr) and the geodetic annual nutation (0.565 mas amplitude). For the rotation angle, the correction is dominated by the effect of the time transformation. The main annual, semi-annual, and ter-annual terms have amplitudes of 166.954 mas, 7.783 mas, and 0.544mas, respectively. The amplitude of the annual term differs by about 9 mas from the estimate usually considered by the community. We identify new terms at the Mars-Jupiter and Mars-Saturn synodic periods (0.567 mas and 0.102 mas amplitude) that are relevant considering the current level of uncertainty of the measurements, as well as a contribution to the rotation rate (7.3088 mas/day). There is no significant correction that applies to the obliquity.

Keyword(s): astrometry ; Planets and satellites: Mars ; Relativistic processes ; Reference systems
Note: InSight contribution ICN 304

The record appears in these collections:
Royal Observatory of Belgium > Reference Systems & Planetology
Science Articles > Peer Reviewed Articles

 Record created 2023-01-27, last modified 2023-01-27

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