Ref: SCART-2023-0086

WR 63: a multiple system (O+O) + WR?

Chené, André-Nicolas ; Mahy, Laurent ; Gosset, Eric ; St-Louis, Nicole ; Dsilva, Karan ; Manick, Rajeev

published in Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, 516 issue 1, pp. 1022-1031 (2022)

Abstract: The spectrum of the Wolf-Rayet (WR) star WR 63 contains spectral lines of two different O stars that show regular radial velocity (RV) variations with amplitudes of ~160 and ~225 km s-1 on a ~4.03 d period. The light curve shows two narrow eclipses that are 0.2 mag deep on the same period as the RV changes. On the other hand, our data show no significant RV variations for the WR spectral lines. Those findings are compatible with WR 63 being a triple system composed of two non-interacting late-O stars orbiting a WR star on a period longer than 1000 d. The amplitude of the WR spectral line-profile variability reaches 7-8 per cent of the line intensity and seems related to a 0.04 mag periodic photometric variation. Large wind density structures are a possible origin for this variability, but our data are not sufficient to verify this. Our analysis shows that, should the three stars be bound, they would be coeval with an age of about 5.9 ± 1.4 Myr. The distance to the O stars is estimated to be 3.4±0.5 kpc. Their dynamical masses are 14.3 ± 0.1 and 10.3 ± 0.1 M⊙. Using rotating single-star evolutionary tracks, we estimate their initial masses to be 18 ± 2 and 16 ± 2 M⊙ for the primary and the secondary, respectively. Regular spectral monitoring is required in the future to detect RV variations of the WR star that would prove that it is gravitationally bound to the close O+OB system and to determine its mass.

Keyword(s): binaries: eclipsing ; binaries: spectroscopic ; stars: individual: WR 63 ; stars: winds ; outflows ; stars: Wolf-Rayet ; Astrophysics - Solar and Stellar Astrophysics
DOI: 10.1093/mnras/stac1762

The record appears in these collections:
Royal Observatory of Belgium > Astronomy & Astrophysics
Science Articles > Peer Reviewed Articles

 Record created 2023-01-23, last modified 2023-01-23

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