Ref: SCART-2023-0030

Ultracool dwarfs in Gaia DR3

Sarro, L. M. ; Berihuete, A. ; Smart, R. L. ; Reylé, C. ; Barrado, D. ; García-Torres, M. ; Cooper, W. J. ; Jones, H. R. A. ; Marocco, F. ; Creevey, O. L. ; Sordo, R. ; Bailer-Jones, C. A. L. ; Montegriffo, P. ; Carballo, R. ; Andrae, R. ; Fouesneau, M. ; Lanzafame, A. C. ; Pailler, F. ; Thévenin, F. ; Lobel, A. ; Delchambre, L. ; Korn, A. J. ; Recio-Blanco, A. ; Schultheis, M. S. ; De Angeli, F. ; Brouillet, N. ; Casamiquela, L. ; Contursi, G. ; de Laverny, P. ; García-Lario, P. ; Kordopatis, G. ; Lebreton, Y. ; Livanou, E. ; Lorca, A. ; Palicio, P. A. ; Slezak-Oreshina, I. ; Soubiran, C. ; Ulla, A. ; Zhao, H.

published in Astronomy & Astrophysics, 669, pp. A139 (25pp) (2023)

Abstract: Context. Previous Gaia Data Releases offered the opportunity to uncover ultracool dwarfs (UCDs) through astrometric, rather than purely photometric selection. The most recent, third data release offers in addition the opportunity to use low-resolution spectra to refine and widen the selection. Aims. In this work we use the Gaia DR3 set of ultracool dwarf candidates and complement the Gaia spectrophotometry with additional photometry in order to characterise its global properties. This includes the inference of the distances, their locus in the Gaia colour-absolute magnitude diagram and the (biased through selection) luminosity function in the faint end of the Main Sequence. We study the overall changes in the Gaia RP spectra as a function of spectral type. We study the UCDs in binary systems, attempt to identify low-mass members of nearby young associations, star forming regions and clusters, and analyse their variability properties. Methods. We use a forward model and the Bayesian inference framework to produce posterior probabilities for the distribution parameters and a calibration of the colour index as a function of the absolute magnitude in the form of a Gaussian Process. Additionally we apply the HMAC unsupervised classification algorithm for the detection and characterisation of overdensities in the space of celestial coordinates, projected velocities and parallaxes. Results. We detect 57 young, kinematically homogeneous groups some of which are identified as well known star forming regions, associations and clusters of different ages. We find that the primary members of 880 binary systems with a UCD belong mainly to the thin and thick disk components of the Milky Way. We identify 1109 variable UCDs using the variability tables in the Gaia archive, 728 of which belong to the star forming regions defined by HMAC. We define two groups of variable UCDs with extreme bright or faint outliers. Conclusions. The set of sources identified as UCDs in the Gaia archive contains a wealth of information that will require focused follow-up studies and observations. It will help to advance our understanding of the nature of the faint end of the Main Sequence and the stellar/substellar transition.

Keyword(s): Methods: statistical ; Catalogs ; Stars: brown dwarfs ; Stars: low-mass ; Stars: late-type ; Stars: Hertzsprung-Russell and C-M diagrams ; Stars: luminosity function, mass function ; Stars: binaries: general ; Stars: pre-main sequence ; Stars: variables: general
DOI: 10.1051/0004-6361/202244507
Links: link; link2
Funding: Gaia PRODEX/Gaia PRODEX/Gaia PRODEX

The record appears in these collections:
Royal Observatory of Belgium > Astronomy & Astrophysics
Science Articles > Peer Reviewed Articles

 Record created 2023-01-13, last modified 2024-01-08