Ref: SCART-2023-0027

Gaia Data Release 3: Hot-star radial velocities

Blomme, R. ; Fremat, Y. ; Sartoretti, P. ; Guerrier, A. ; Panuzzo, P. ; Katz, D. ; Seabroke, G. M. ; Thevenin, F. ; Cropper, M. ; Benson, K. ; Damerdji, Y. ; Haigron, R. ; Marchal, O. ; Smith, M. ; Baker, S. ; Chemin, L. ; David, M. ; Dolding, C. ; Gosset, E. ; Janssen, K. ; Jasniewicz, G. ; Lobel, A. ; Plum, G. ; Samaras, N. ; Snaith, O. ; Soubiran, C. ; Vanel, O. ; Zwitter, T. ; Brouillet, N. ; Caffau, E. ; Crifo, F. ; Fabre, C. ; Fragkoudi, F. ; Huckle, H. E. ; Jean-Antoine Piccolo, A. ; Lasne, Y. ; Leclerc, N. ; Mastrobuono-Battisti, A. ; Royer, F. ; Viala, Y. ; Zorec, J.

published in Astronomy & Astrophysics, 674, pp. A7 (12pp) (2023)

Abstract: Context. The second Gaia data release, DR2, contained radial velocities of stars with effective temperatures up to Teff = 6900 K. The third data release, Gaia DR3, extends this up to Teff = 14 500 K. Aims. We derive the radial velocities for hot stars (i.e. in the Teff = 6900 - 14 500 K range) from data obtained with the Radial Velocity Spectrometer (RVS) on board Gaia. Methods. The radial velocities were determined by the standard technique of measuring the Doppler shift of a template spectrum that was compared to the observed spectrum. The RVS wavelength range is very limited. The proximity to and systematic blueward offset of the calcium infrared triplet to the hydrogen Paschen lines in hot stars can result in a systematic offset in radial velocity. For the hot stars, we developed a specific code to improve the selection of the template spectrum, thereby avoiding this systematic offset. Results. With the improved code, and with the correction we propose to the DR3 archive radial velocities, we obtain values that agree with reference values to within 3 km/s (in median). Because of the required S/N for applying the improved code, the hot star radial velocities in DR3 are mostly limited to stars with a magnitude in the RVS wavelength band <= 12 mag.

Keyword(s): Techniques: spectroscopic ; Techniques: radial velocities ; Methods: data analysis ; Catalogs ; Surveys ; Stars: massive
DOI: 10.1051/0004-6361/202243685
Links: link; link2
Funding: Gaia PRODEX/Gaia PRODEX/Gaia PRODEX

The record appears in these collections:
Royal Observatory of Belgium > Astronomy & Astrophysics
Science Articles > Peer Reviewed Articles

 Record created 2023-01-13, last modified 2024-01-08