Ref: SCART-2023-0022

Gaia Data Release 3: Astrophysical parameters inference system (Apsis) I -- methods and content overview

Creevey, O. L. ; Sordo, R. ; Pailler, F. ; Frémat, Y. ; Heiter, U. ; Thévenin, F. ; Andrae, R. ; Fouesneau, M. ; Lobel, A. ; Bailer-Jones, C. A. L. ; Garabato, D. ; Bellas-Velidis, I. ; Brugaletta, E. ; Lorca, A. ; Ordenovic, C. ; Palicio, P. A. ; Sarro, L. M. ; Delchambre, L. ; Drimmel, R. ; Rybizki, J. ; Torralba Elipe, G. ; Korn, A. J. ; Recio-Blanco, A. ; Schultheis, M. S. ; De Angeli, F. ; Montegriffo, P. ; Abreu Aramburu, A. ; Accart, S. ; Álvarez, M. A. ; Bakker, J. ; Brouillet, N. ; Burlacu, A. ; Carballo, R. ; Casamiquela, L. ; Chiavassa, A. ; Contursi, G. ; Cooper, W. J. ; Dafonte, C. ; Dapergolas, A. ; de Laverny, P. ; Dharmawardena, T. E. ; Edvardsson, B. ; Le Fustec, Y. ; García-Lario, P. ; García-Torres, M. ; Gomez, A. ; González-Santamaría, I. ; Hatzidimitriou, D. ; Jean-Antoine Piccolo, A. ; Kontizas, M. ; Kordopatis, G. ; Lanzafame, A. C. ; Lebreton, Y. ; Licata, E. L. ; Lindstrøm, H. E. P. ; Livanou, E. ; Magdaleno Romeo, A. ; Manteiga, M. ; Marocco, F. ; Marshall, D. J. ; Mary, N. ; Nicolas, C. ; Pallas-Quintela, L. ; Panem, C. ; Pichon, B. ; Poggio, E. ; Riclet, F. ; Robin, C. ; Santoveña, R. ; Silvelo, A. ; Slezak, I. ; Smart, R. L. ; Soubiran, C. ; Süveges, M. ; Ulla, A. ; Utrilla, E. ; Vallenari, A. ; Zhao, H. ; Zorec, J. ; Barrado, D. ; Bijaoui, A. ; Bouret, J. -C. ; Blomme, R. ; Brott, I. ; Cassisi, S. ; Kochukhov, O. ; Martayan, C. ; Shulyak, D. ; Silvester, J.

published in Astronomy & Astrophysics, 674, pp. A26 (35pp) (2023)

Abstract: Gaia Data Release 3 contains a wealth of new data products for the community. Astrophysical parameters are a major component of this release. They were produced by the Astrophysical parameters inference system (Apsis) within the Gaia Data Processing and Analysis Consortium. The aim of this paper is to describe the overall content of the astrophysical parameters in Gaia DR3 and how they were produced. In Apsis we use the mean BP/RP and mean RVS spectra along with astrometry and photometry, and we derive the following parameters: source classification and probabilities for 1.6 billion objects, interstellar medium characterisation and distances for up to 470 million sources, including a 2D total Galactic extinction map, 6 million redshifts of quasar candidates and 1.4 million redshifts of galaxy candidates, along with an analysis of 50 million outlier sources through an unsupervised classification. The astrophysical parameters also include many stellar spectroscopic and evolutionary parameters for up to 470 million sources. These comprise Te, log g, and [M/H] (470 million using BP/RP, 6 million using RVS), radius (470 million), mass (140 million), age (120 million), chemical abundances (up to 5 million), diffuse interstellar band analysis (0.5 million), activity indices (2 million), Halpha equivalent widths (200 million), and further classification of spectral types (220 million) and emission-line stars (50 thousand). This paper is part of a series of three papers: this Paper I focusses on describing the global content of the parameters in Gaia DR3. The accompanying papers II and III focus on the validation and use of the stellar and non-stellar products, respectively. This catalogue is the most extensive homogeneous database of astrophysical parameters to date, and it is based uniquely on Gaia data. It will only be superseded in Gaia Data Release 4. This catalogue will therefore remain a key reference over the next four years, providing astrophysical parameters independent of other ground- and space-based data.

Keyword(s): methods: data analysis ; catalogs ; stars: fundamental parameters ; ISM: general ; Galaxy: stellar content ; galaxies: fundamental parameters
DOI: 10.1051/0004-6361/202243688
Links: link; link2
Funding: Gaia PRODEX/Gaia PRODEX/Gaia PRODEX

The record appears in these collections:
Royal Observatory of Belgium > Astronomy & Astrophysics
Science Articles > Peer Reviewed Articles

 Record created 2023-01-13, last modified 2024-01-08