Ref: SCART-2022-0088

New self-consistent wind parameters to fit optical spectra of O-type stars observed with the HERMES spectrograph

C Gormaz-Matamala, A ; Curé, M ; Lobel, A ; A Panei, J ; Cuadra, J ; Araya, I ; Arcos, C ; Figueroa-Tapia, F

published in Astronomy & Astrophysics, 661 issue A51 (2022)

Abstract: Aims. We performed a spectral fitting for a set of O-type stars based on self-consistent wind solutions, which provide mass-loss rate and velocity profiles directly derived from the initial stellar parameters. The great advantage of this self-consistent spectral fitting is therefore the reduction of the number of free parameters to be tuned. Methods. Self-consistent values for the line-force parameters (k, α, δ)sc and subsequently for the mass-loss rate, Msc, and terminal velocity, υ∞‚sc, are provided by the m-CAK prescription introduced in Paper I, which is updated in this work with improvements such as a temperature structure T(r) for the wind that are self-consistently evaluated from the line-acceleration. Synthetic spectra were calculated using the radiative transfer code FASTWIND, replacing the classical β-law for our new calculated velocity profiles v(r) and therefore making clumping the only free parameter for the stellar wind. Results. We found that self-consistent m-CAK solutions provide values for theoretical mass-loss rates of the order of the most recent predictions of other studies. From here, we generate synthetic spectra with self-consistent hydrodynamics to fit and obtain a new set of stellar and wind parameters for our sample of O-type stars (HD 192639, 9 Sge, HD 57682, HD 218915, HD 195592, and HD 210809), whose spectra were taken with the high-resolution echelle spectrograph HERMES (R = 85 000). We find a satisfactory global fit for our observations, with a good accuracy for photospheric He I and He II lines and a quite acceptable fit for H lines. Although this self-consistent spectral analysis is currently constrained in the optical wavelength range alone, this is an important step towards the determination of stellar and wind parameters without using a β-law. Based on the variance of the line-force parameters, we establish that our method is valid for O-type stars with Teff ≥ 30 kK and log g ≥ 3.2. Given these results, we expect that the values introduced here are helpful for future studies of the stars constituting this sample, together with the prospect that the m-CAK self-consistent prescription may be extended to numerous studies of massive stars in the future.

Keyword(s): hydrodynamics ; methods: analytical ; stars: early-type ; stars: mass-loss ; stars: winds, outflows ; techniques: spectroscopic
DOI: 10.1051/0004-6361/202142383
Links: link

The record appears in these collections:
Royal Observatory of Belgium > Astronomy & Astrophysics
Science Articles > Peer Reviewed Articles

 Record created 2022-09-22, last modified 2022-09-22