Ref: CTALK-2021-0085

Campfires observed by EUI: What have we learned so far?

Berghmans, D ; Auchere, F ; Zhukov, A ; Mierla, M ; Chen, Y ; Peter, H ; Panesar, N K ; Chitta, L P ; Antolin, P ; Anzar Cuadrado, R ; Tian, H ; Zhenyong, H ; Podladchikova, O

Talk presented at AGU Fall Meeting, New Orleans (US)/Online on 2021-12-14

Abstract: Since its very first light images of the corona, the EUI/HRIEUV telescope onboard Solar Orbiter has observed small localised brightenings in the Quiet Sun. These small localised brightenings, have become known as ’campfires’, and are observed with length scales between 400 km and 4000 km and durations between 10 sec and 200 sec. The smallest and weakest of these HRIEUV brightenings have not been previously observed. Simultaneous observations from the EUI High-resolution Lyman-α telescope (HRILYA) do not show localised brightening events, but the locations of the HRIEUV events clearly correspond to the chromospheric network. Comparisons with simultaneous AIA images shows that most events can also be identified in the 17.1 nm, 19.3 nm, 21.1 nm, and 30.4 nm pass-bands of AIA, although they appear weaker and blurred. Some of the larger campfires have the appearance of small interacting loops with the brightening expanding from the contact point of the loops. Our differential emission measure (DEM) analysis indicated coronal temperatures. We determined the height for a few of these campfires to be between 1 and 5 Mm above the photosphere. We interpret these events as a new extension to the flare-microflare-nanoflare family. Given their low height, the EUI ‘campfires’ could stand as a new element of the fine structure of the transition region-low corona, that is, as apexes of small-scale loops that undergo internal heating all the way up to coronal temperatures. 3D MHD simulations with the MURaM code revealed brightenings that are in many ways similar to the campfires by EUI. The brightenings in the simulations suggest that campfires are triggered by component reconnection inside flux bundles rather than flux emergence or cancellation. Nevertheless, some of the observed campfires can be clearly linked to flux cancellation events and, intriguingly, are preceded by an erupting cool plasma structure. Analysis of the dynamics of campfires revealed that some have the appearance of ‘coronal microjets’, the smallest coronal jets observed in the quiet Sun. The HRIEUV images also reveal transient jets on a somewhat bigger scale with repeated outflows on the order of 100 km s−1. In this paper we will provide an overview of the campfire related phenomena that EUI has observed and discuss the possible relevance for coronal heating.

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The record appears in these collections:
Conference Contributions & Seminars > Conference Talks > Contributed Talks
Royal Observatory of Belgium > Solar Physics & Space Weather (SIDC)
Solar-Terrestrial Centre of Excellence

 Record created 2021-12-14, last modified 2021-12-15

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